• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - “Islamic Parliament” and Policy Making In Iran (1980- 2008)
        Vhid sinaee سمیه  زمانی
        Law-making assemblies are one of the institutions involved in the process of policy making. The range of their intervention is from real determination to formal influence. This fluctuation is affected by two categories of structural factors and agents. The structures in Full Text
        Law-making assemblies are one of the institutions involved in the process of policy making. The range of their intervention is from real determination to formal influence. This fluctuation is affected by two categories of structural factors and agents. The structures include the jurisdiction of Parliament, internal organizations of parliament, the power distribution in political systems and external structures which have impact on Parliament. The agents include executive head of parliament, chief executive, representatives and influential groups. Three types of parliament are detectable from relationship of these structures and agents that are determinative parliament, effective, low- of -effect and neutral in the process of policy making. This study is going to investigate the role of Islamic assembly in the process of policy makings in Iran based on the theoretical framework. The results of this study show that assembly had causative, and not determinative, role in regard to structural factors and agents in the process of policy makings. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Ibn Khaldun‘s “Loyalty” (Asabiyah) and Social Capital; an Analysis of Political Stability
        aliakbar asadi kaviji Abolfazl Shakoori
        Political stability and social order and, vice versa social decline and decay, are in the center of political and social thought. Centuries ago, an Islamic thinker, Ibn Khaldun discussed social order and political stability and gave a theory in regard of Loyalty (Asabiy Full Text
        Political stability and social order and, vice versa social decline and decay, are in the center of political and social thought. Centuries ago, an Islamic thinker, Ibn Khaldun discussed social order and political stability and gave a theory in regard of Loyalty (Asabiyah). Nowadays, the debates on social order and political stability have focused on the concept of “social capital”, and specific attitudes have developed among researchers. The aim of this paper is content analysis of Ibn Khaldun thought about Asabiyah, by comparing it with the concept of social capital; claiming that this can be done by a comparative study between new and traditional concepts. In this method we can throw a new light on the thinker’s thought in order to reload his thought for contemporary era and solving some of problems of current society. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Globalized Politics; Restructuration of Political Order in the Sphere of Globalized State
           
        The power of the state that was constituted under the dominant Westphalia system, and characterized by the it’s supreme power according to Hegelian tenets, has changed and decreased due to the globalization process in one hand, and the postmodernism theory in the other Full Text
        The power of the state that was constituted under the dominant Westphalia system, and characterized by the it’s supreme power according to Hegelian tenets, has changed and decreased due to the globalization process in one hand, and the postmodernism theory in the other hand, especially regarding to the citizenship concept and international law. Globalization is such a process that globalizes politics and makes it as a network in a global village and shapes a new public sphere. In this new sphere the citizens are free from the intervention of the power possessing the sole legitimate use of power. Additionally the postmodern theory, that considers the state as one of the actors in the international relations and tries to reshape the forgotten sub-systems, form the new components of the new state. This new state is called globalized state because of the acceptance of deinstitutionalized norms in the international system and deconstruction of inflexible Westphalia system. Accordingly this article, s hypothesis is that, three lines of change, including the non-nationalized state, non stated state and politico-economic institutionalized regimes, all led to the transition of the state to the new form and content named as globalized state. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Categorizing the Political Culture; Case Study of the Students of Kurdistan University
        هادی  خانیکی Hamid Sarshar
        This paper focused on political culture and effective factors on political culture. It categorizes three pure types of political culture, according to Almond and Verba's theory, which are “Parochial”, “Subject” and “Participant”. These types are identified according to Full Text
        This paper focused on political culture and effective factors on political culture. It categorizes three pure types of political culture, according to Almond and Verba's theory, which are “Parochial”, “Subject” and “Participant”. These types are identified according to the “cognitional”, “emotional” and “evaluative” attitudes towards four conceptions: “system as a hole”, “outputs”, “inputs” and “self as a political actor”. The independent and grounding variants of this research include: gender, ethnicity, religion, academic discipline, academic level, political socialization and mass media. This research is done in survey method, according to a sample of 365 students of Kurdistan University. The results showed that the students have different types of political culture; and the dominant model among them is “non-participative protestor”; a model that was not defied in Almond and Verba's theory. The results also indicated that among the effective variants on political culture, the ethnicity, religion, academic level and mass media have meaningful impact on political culture of the students. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Studying the Relationship between Racial Integration (Kurds &Turks) and Stable Security; Recognition of Effective Factors on Integrating the Races in West Azarbayejan
        شفیع  بهرامیان امید  بهرامیان
        Regarding geo-political situation of west Azrabayejan and various racial trends in this province, the study of effective factors on integrating the races and the relationship between racial integration and feeling of stable security in west Azarbayejan is the core of th Full Text
        Regarding geo-political situation of west Azrabayejan and various racial trends in this province, the study of effective factors on integrating the races and the relationship between racial integration and feeling of stable security in west Azarbayejan is the core of this paper; so, the research was done by using survey method and by filling questionnaires in all biracial cities of this province and also in Mahabad city, as our statistical population in a sample of 500 persons. The results show that: a) racial integration has meaningful effect on stable security and more than 20% of changes can be analyzed by this factor. This factor has the most impact on national security, human security and global security; b) among the impact factors, age and the foreign intervene have reverse impact on racial integration, regarding scale of use and scale of trust to foreign mass media; c) other impact factors on racial integration, ranging from the most to the least impact, are: political elite, cultural capital, education, nationalism (pan Iranism), religion, the attitude toward political and administrative sphere, and marriage status; d) the study could not approved the meaningful relationship between racial integration and the following factors: gender, job, relative deprivation feeling, and tendency to universalism. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Evolution in Concept of Sovereignty in Political and International Approaches
        شهروز  ابراهيمي
        It seems that all the changes and evolutions in the concept of sovereignty have been occurred in theoretical framework, then in sphere of international relations and international laws and other forms of international affairs. National sovereignty and the concept of “na Full Text
        It seems that all the changes and evolutions in the concept of sovereignty have been occurred in theoretical framework, then in sphere of international relations and international laws and other forms of international affairs. National sovereignty and the concept of “nation- state” came to essence as a normative and legal principle after Westphalian Treaty (1648); but this normative and legal principle has never been absolute. So in the 18th and 19th centuries, and in the course of different approaches, it evolved completely and its normative aspect has been declined. The paper attends to four major controversial trends in political and international sphere, which are: a) contrast between communitarianism and universalism, which emerged from the European enlightenment in 18th and 19th centuries; b) contrast between realism and idealism, which came out after the establishing the discipline of international relations and had lasted till to 1970; c) contrast between neo-realism and liberalism, from 1970 to 1990; and d) contrast between realism and neo-realism in one side and critical post-cold war theories. The main discrepancy of these trends is on extent and limits of the state sovereignty. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - The Relationship between Subject and Power in Don Quixote and Madame Bovary Novels according to Michel Foucault’s Theories
        Zeynab Saber پرویز  ضیاء شهابی
        Don Quixote and Madame Bovary are among the most influential novels in the history of fictions. This paper compares the elements of these two novels, based on Michel Foucault’s theories (1926-1984). Foucault analyzes the structure of power in the form of subjectivity an Full Text
        Don Quixote and Madame Bovary are among the most influential novels in the history of fictions. This paper compares the elements of these two novels, based on Michel Foucault’s theories (1926-1984). Foucault analyzes the structure of power in the form of subjectivity and criticizes the bases of Western metaphysic. Foucault, in his whole project, reveals the obvious principles and criteria in which the structure of dominant power defines the good life based on them. In this project, the interpretation of fiction has very important role. Accordingly, this paper tries to analyze how Don Quixote and Madame Bovary exhibit the normalization of a special form of good life in western culture and how they introduce a new style of life according on fiction; or In other word, how they establish a new subjectivity, and how, in this process, story and fact, words and things are combined. So, the paper reveals that the fiction can set up a way of life that resist against the dominant structure of normal life. On the contrary, the dominant structure refuses to accept the changes and stands firm against new trends by controlling, modifying, excluding, and imprisoning any forms of otherness. Manuscript Document