• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Skinner and Tabatabai comparative method on thought history
          سید رضا  شاكري
        Skinner and Tabatabai as two prominent thinker on the history of ideas focused on the West and Iran are seeking to identify the origins of the tradition are thinking. Although both have the same purpose and research activities are similar in appearance but the basic dif Full Text
        Skinner and Tabatabai as two prominent thinker on the history of ideas focused on the West and Iran are seeking to identify the origins of the tradition are thinking. Although both have the same purpose and research activities are similar in appearance but the basic difference between them. Consequently, it is clear that the fruits of their labor dispute. Skinner reviews the history of ideas with a deep belief in the history and negate the general opinion with regard to intentionality and intentions of the author examines the historical context And Tabatabai in any research activity , the dream of achieving modernity، dreamed that authors evaluated with respect to this issue. Finally, for reasons not fulfilled that dream. alas the decline of the concept is in Iran. With the eyes of the political and intellectual figures in Iran's history and its relation to modernity approached measure. And after each failure to conclude that a decline in Iran's history and decline of the concept. On the other hand Skinner without any prejudice and without taking any criterion , prominent writers within the language conventional And tries the author's intention with regard to the extensive literature recognize that time. However, in the first place many similarities between Skinner and Tabatabai reviews on there way but using the comparative method can be realized that there are fundamental differences in their work .In this study is to look at the use of comparative philosophy that bases its main ideas is to compare these two thoughtful note . Manuscript Document
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        2 - Ali Shariati, the Islamic Renaissance and Freedom from degeneration
        amir roshan محسن  شفیعی سیف آبادی
        Since the Iranian confrontation with the West and realizing their decline, “Who we are” were of Iranian intellectuals’ main concerns. After this, the questions such as "who we are? And “how we should be” were raised. To answer these questions, Shariati as an Iranian int Full Text
        Since the Iranian confrontation with the West and realizing their decline, “Who we are” were of Iranian intellectuals’ main concerns. After this, the questions such as "who we are? And “how we should be” were raised. To answer these questions, Shariati as an Iranian intellectuals with Islamic obsessions, tried to formulate solution for emancipation of decline and going toward progress. According to him, capitalism, imperialism and religious diversion and subjectivism, were considered as the main causes of decline of Iran and the Muslim world and only via returning to the self and the formation of Renaissance and an especially Islamic renaissance that the advancement and perfection can be achieved. Therefore, the main aim in this paper is the analysis of the concept of Islamic Renaissance and the emancipation of the decline in votes of Ali Shariati’s views. Manuscript Document
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        3 - Anarchism ideological orientation towards the State and its realization in the age of globalization: (According to rereading of George Woodcock and Saul Newman Theory of Anarchism)
        mohamad ali tavana Mahmoud Alipour Roghayeh  Azizpour Merzoni
        The State has been discussed as highest as the executive branch within the territorial boundaries. The State-at least in modern age- is manifestation of the relationship of power and domination that existed in all communities. Anarchism as an ideology, is pessimist towa Full Text
        The State has been discussed as highest as the executive branch within the territorial boundaries. The State-at least in modern age- is manifestation of the relationship of power and domination that existed in all communities. Anarchism as an ideology, is pessimist toward the institution of “government” and “governmental power”, and considers every kind of institution as a destructive factor of moral and social life of humans. On the other hands, in the age of globalization, as the recent political social situation, the elements of dominance are faced with major challenges. One characteristic of the idea of globalization is reliance on the intellectual context of postmodernism movement that challenges the values of the modern era. The main feature of this movement is the rejection of absolutism, that In this regard, does blames structure that is formed by the Power and State, and involves in the critique of domination in the political community. Based on this fact, this question is raised that considering the pluralism and the critique of the popularism, in “globalization” situation, is there a route for the assertiveness the “Anarchism” ideology. Our hypothesis would be that in the age of globalization, Due to the Expanding Decentralization approach in different domains, It can be said that State powers is scattered and their tasks is limited and on the other It can be said the Dream of a society without State, and moral society based on “Anarchism …” can be realize in some areas. Therefore it can be attempted to explain and analyze the fate of government in the globalization situation by rereading the ideology of Anarchism-in the viewpoints of two of most prominent of contem rorery intellectuals of this school; “George Woodcock” and “Saul Newman”. Manuscript Document
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        4 - The study of structural consistency analysis in relationship between literature and political culture
         
        Social scientists working in vast and various fields, focused on the analysis and explanation of social phenomena that reflect in their different forms in different areas of the lives of different communities. They try to offer different analytical formulations of socia Full Text
        Social scientists working in vast and various fields, focused on the analysis and explanation of social phenomena that reflect in their different forms in different areas of the lives of different communities. They try to offer different analytical formulations of social phenomena using scientific methods and explanation patterns and find different answers to explain the thoughts, behaviors and events in different social events in various fields. Explanation in the widest sense of the meaning is that the phenomena previously known as independent affairs are in relation to each other or the phenomena that have been viewed relevant develop a new relationship among themselves. The patterns mentioned above can either be causal, functional, structural and other different patterns that social scientists, depending on the attitude and theoretical points of view or favorite school or social context of their research in general, take advantage of them. In this article, through the study of one of these patterns and explanation and expansion of the structural patterns consistency and using them we try to provide different analytical formulations for the study of Political culture of communities. This pattern of cultural analysis, especially in historical studies of Political culture of communities, will be applied too much; where literature plays its role as one of the main channels and resources to shape popular culture. Manuscript Document
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        5 - Exceptionalism, Hegemonic Stability and Islamophobia in America
        احمد دوست محمدي Esfandiar  Mohammadi
        Since the year 1620, when a group of English people immigrated to America, exceptionalism based on the attitude of unique nation, racial superiority, the Israel of the time, the heaven on the earth and … have been seen in American society and, particularly, in the liter Full Text
        Since the year 1620, when a group of English people immigrated to America, exceptionalism based on the attitude of unique nation, racial superiority, the Israel of the time, the heaven on the earth and … have been seen in American society and, particularly, in the literature of American presidents, from George Washington to Barack Obama. Americans believe in the myth that their immigration from England has been the new type of “the Jews' immigration“ to the promised land” in order to build the God’s domain, so that they preserve the right to fight against any people who oppose the idea. So The first question that comes to mind is that what is the origin of idea of exceptionalism, and then how the idea became a basis for the theory of hegemonic stability, and then how this thought is supposed as the basis for formation of consistency theory based on dominance or hegemonic stability and what is its relation to the dissemination of Islamophobia in American society? Our purpose in this paper is showing where American exceptionalism is rooted in, and illustrating the effect that this thought has in formulating the hegemony theory based on offensiveness or dominance and raising and preaching of Islam phobia in American society. So this paper supposes that American Exceptionalism makes this country's state men act offensively and internationally that based on this, America has played its hegemonic role. And, because Islam as an anti hegemony religion, oppose such behavior, fighting Islam and Islamophobia has become America’s strategic agenda. Manuscript Document
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        6 - The role of civil society in public policy process: Providing a conceptual framework
        Yahya  Kamali
        Civil society, its organizations and elements is one of interested subjects of social and political analysts. Civil society, especially in democratic societies has a significant role in the public policy process. Political process is the main process is the public polic Full Text
        Civil society, its organizations and elements is one of interested subjects of social and political analysts. Civil society, especially in democratic societies has a significant role in the public policy process. Political process is the main process is the public policy process that includes power and influence in the society in which actors struggle to achieve certain goals. Public policy in its various stages is affected by new forces that the extent of their presence and the level of their power are growing. Understanding these effects can provide a Proper guide in defining and analyzing the public policy process in a country. In this Article, the public policy process has segregated into five stages: formation of referential, agenda setting, decision making, implementation and evaluation And then the role of civil society in the policy process have been analyzed. Manuscript Document
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        7 - Anxiety and Political Action (Case Study: The Boy Students of Law and Political Science Faculty, University of Tehran)
        Alia shraf  Nazari Hanif  Amoozadeh Mahdiraji
        The impact of human emotions not only effect on their daily life, but also influence on political behavior. Hence, high ranked of mass people or politicians make decisions based on their emotions. It is not reasonable to believe that people`s reaction based on their log Full Text
        The impact of human emotions not only effect on their daily life, but also influence on political behavior. Hence, high ranked of mass people or politicians make decisions based on their emotions. It is not reasonable to believe that people`s reaction based on their logical thinking. Some psychological factors such as anxiety (As an effective factor inside humans) could make people`s behaviors in their lifecycle. therefore, human`s political believes will also be affected by these motivators. In paper, this issue has recognized that anxiety has a dual effect on different levels of political behaviors. In one aspect, increase in anxiety will make direct effect on political behavior, and on the other hand, if anxiety breaks its red line, it will have decreasing effect on political behavior of society by motivating defensive mechanisms, and as a result society isolation and surveillance will appear. By using proper tools, defensive mechanisms could be controlled and political behavior of the society will turn back to its equilibrium point. Finally a dynamic system model has been described for this purpose. Manuscript Document
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        8 - Efficient bureaucracy in Institutional Approach
        محمد  کمالی‌زاده
        Bureaucracy, is a set of institutions that determine the quality of government performance in the context of the social goals. In this respect, the bureaucracy has taken a series of important institutions of a society. This system and its institutions in the form of for Full Text
        Bureaucracy, is a set of institutions that determine the quality of government performance in the context of the social goals. In this respect, the bureaucracy has taken a series of important institutions of a society. This system and its institutions in the form of formal and informal rules, to create opportunities and limitations that will determine the country's development process. Institutionalism as an analytical model has several advantages that can be effective in identifying the components of an efficient bureaucracy. Institutionalist approach, Firstly, provides clear criteria for evaluation and pathology Iranian bureaucracy. And secondly helps us to measure the performance of the bureaucracy and government institutions. In this paper, we discuss the main institutional frameworks of bureaucracy, and will show that this approach, which offers a set of indicators to measure and analyze the quality of its damage bureaucracy and how it affects other areas. Manuscript Document
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        9 - Comparative Study of Skinner and Tabatabaee Method in the Thought History
          سید رضا  شاكري
        Skinner and Tabatabaee, two thinkers who work in the history of thought in the West and Iran seek to identify its intellectual origins and evolution. However, both the author reviews the history of ideas, but due to differences in the search way are different. Skinner r Full Text
        Skinner and Tabatabaee, two thinkers who work in the history of thought in the West and Iran seek to identify its intellectual origins and evolution. However, both the author reviews the history of ideas, but due to differences in the search way are different. Skinner reviews on the idea with deep conviction to date and the total negation of the opinion that while Tabatabaee in any research activity, the dream of achieving modernity. Tabatabaee thinkers review the criteria for such measures modernity and tradition. A measure that eventually led him to the conclusion that a decline of thought in Iran. On the other hand Skinner prominent writers in the history of linguistic conventions and attempts to arrest them intentionality of the author and action with regard to the texts recognize that time. Manuscript Document
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        10 - The Transformation of communicative action, public sphere, civil society and democracy in Iran (The case study: Iran, between the constitutional movement and the presidential election 10th)
        مانا دشتگلی هاشمی هادی  خانیکی تهمينه شاوردي
        In this article, historical events and cases happening from the constitutional movement to the tenth presidential election of Iran, suggesting formation or non-formation of communicative action, public sphere, civil society and democracy, have been narrated and compared Full Text
        In this article, historical events and cases happening from the constitutional movement to the tenth presidential election of Iran, suggesting formation or non-formation of communicative action, public sphere, civil society and democracy, have been narrated and compared in a comparative study based on Boolean algebras. This study aimed at better understanding of Iranian society and identifying ups and downs that Iranian society has passed on the road to democracy regarding to communicative action, the public sphere and civil society since constitutional revolution until now, and tries to answer this question that how the relationship between communicative action, public sphere, civil society and democracy can be explained? Accordingly, the theoretical concepts of the research were reviewed and extracted from views of Arendt, Habermas, Gramsci, Lipset, Alain de Benoist and Bashiriyeh to get indices and indicators for these concepts. Then according to these indicators the situation of the communicative action, public sphere, civil society and democracy in five historical periods (since the constitutional movement to the tenth presidential election) were narrated and analyzed. During the narrative analysis of each period of time based on the presence and absence of each concept exemplar, zero (low intensity) and one (high intensity) were placed in Boolean table for each historical juncture and the relationship between these concepts were studied. Based on the findings it can be argued that despite the attempts and measures done by society, elites and part of state or government, three concepts of communicative action, public sphere and civil society were not so strong except in a few cases. Therefore, in different historical periods, lack of one of these three insufficient conditions impeded realization of democracy in Iran. Among these five historical periods, historic period of nationalization of oil is the only time that Iranian attempts to reach to the democracy has got a fruit and made democracy possible, thanks to the communicative action, public sphere and civil society. During the constitutional movement the historical cases that had traces of presence of communicative action or public sphere and during the reform era historical cases that referred to civil society and public sphere are more than the events that lack these concepts. But in the revolution and tenth presidential election of Iran the historical cases referring to communicative action, public sphere, civil society and democracy were less than events referring to these concepts. Manuscript Document