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        1 - Modernity and Formation of Modern Political Theory
        سید رضا  شاكري
        Modern political theory is of great value for its inner authenticity and outer implementations; but how this theory has been formed? The hypothesis of this study is that the modernity invented and formed the forces which caused dramatically changes in foundations and im Full Text
        Modern political theory is of great value for its inner authenticity and outer implementations; but how this theory has been formed? The hypothesis of this study is that the modernity invented and formed the forces which caused dramatically changes in foundations and implementations of modern theory. Two primary factors are important here: scientific thinking as grounding factor, and new politics (modern state), which emerged aftermath the collapse of medieval ages as outer factor. New scientific thinking prepared the context for such an evolution by transforming the concept of nature, and in the realm of politics by concentrating on power and distancing form the idea of “excellent city”. So, the modern political theory emerged as an effective and referential framework for illustrating the political life and offered solution for political problems. By separating between new and old political theories in a historical sense, this paper attend to show the formation of modern political theory in modern era and how it separated from old world; it also illustrate the characteristics of modern political theory and its new practical implementations; the results indicate that modern political theory was credible and successful for relationship between its theoretical ideas and values and its practical implementations in socio-political life; a task of modern theory which is in danger and doubt, in the ear of globalization. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Language and Politics: Pragmatic and Strategic Aspects of Language in Imam Khomeini's Leadership in the Process of Islamic Revolution in Iran
        سید رضا  شاكري
        Islamic revolution realized in Iran under the leadership of a religious leader. Although the leader was in exile but he had strong connections with his followers despite his deprivation of communication means. This issue in this paper is the basis of reviewing the relat Full Text
        Islamic revolution realized in Iran under the leadership of a religious leader. Although the leader was in exile but he had strong connections with his followers despite his deprivation of communication means. This issue in this paper is the basis of reviewing the relationship between language and politics; so the paper tries to explain pragmatic and strategic aspects of language in Imam Khomeini's leadership in the process of Islamic revolution. In the field of study of relationship between language and politics, there are two general approaches: politics as theory and knowledge and politics as power and the realm of collective action to sustain or to change the current situation. This paper, by focusing on the second approach and by using the theories of language competence and language pragmatics in the realm of media and in mobilization of mass, will try to examine influential functions and pragmatic aspects of language in Imam Khomeini's thoughts. The findings indicate that Imam Khomeini as a scholar in mystics, ethics and jurisprudence and by his own classification of Islamic sciences introduced the pragmatism as the core of those sciences and used the language along political and revolutionary actions. Mobilizing the mass, criticizing and opposing the current situation and inviting the people to realize the Islamic state are among Imam Khomeini's pragmatic aspects of leadership. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Comparative Study of Skinner and Tabatabaee Method in the Thought History
          سید رضا  شاكري
        Skinner and Tabatabaee, two thinkers who work in the history of thought in the West and Iran seek to identify its intellectual origins and evolution. However, both the author reviews the history of ideas, but due to differences in the search way are different. Skinner r Full Text
        Skinner and Tabatabaee, two thinkers who work in the history of thought in the West and Iran seek to identify its intellectual origins and evolution. However, both the author reviews the history of ideas, but due to differences in the search way are different. Skinner reviews on the idea with deep conviction to date and the total negation of the opinion that while Tabatabaee in any research activity, the dream of achieving modernity. Tabatabaee thinkers review the criteria for such measures modernity and tradition. A measure that eventually led him to the conclusion that a decline of thought in Iran. On the other hand Skinner prominent writers in the history of linguistic conventions and attempts to arrest them intentionality of the author and action with regard to the texts recognize that time. Manuscript Document