• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Political Implications of Abbas Kiarostami'Cinema
        سيد محسن علوي‌پور عباس منوچهری
        According to the known definition, Political Cinema is the one for which special political issues, as a political event, biography, or process is the matter. However, it seems that such a definition is not inclusive enough to cover the films which focus on the normative Full Text
        According to the known definition, Political Cinema is the one for which special political issues, as a political event, biography, or process is the matter. However, it seems that such a definition is not inclusive enough to cover the films which focus on the normative aspects of politics, while not necessarily narrating a special political matter. Thus, reflecting on this definition, it is needed to discover and categorize the characteristics of normative political cinema. Reviewing Abbas Kiarostami’s films, the present study attempts to identify such characteristics. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Representation of Ideas of Kantian ethical Philosophy in Political Thought of John Rawls
          نعیمه  اسدی‌پور
        John Rawls is affected by Kant's ethical philosophy and the representation of Kant's ethical philosophy can be seen in his works. In this paper, in order to reveal the legacy of Kant for Rawls political theory, three subjects are surveyed: humanism, ethical alternative Full Text
        John Rawls is affected by Kant's ethical philosophy and the representation of Kant's ethical philosophy can be seen in his works. In this paper, in order to reveal the legacy of Kant for Rawls political theory, three subjects are surveyed: humanism, ethical alternative and constructivism. In humanism, the ideas of Kant and Rawls stress on the human. Kant considered the human as a goal not as an instrument. This issue in the thought of the two can provide an ethical alternative against teleological morality is described deontological morality. Kant and Rawls tried to establish suitable relation between the concept of the free and equal individual and the concept of justice, as they create their own constructivism. In this article, we have tried to explain political philosophy and ideas of Kantian Ethics in Rawls political philosophy by normative method. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Language, Power and Ideology in Norman Fairclough’s ‘Critical’ Approach to Discourse Analysis
        جهانگیر  جهانگیری علی  بندرریگی‌زاده
        Critical discourse analysis (CDA) started in the early 1990s and has become a well-established field in the social science in the twenty-first century .CDA can be defined as a problem-oriented interdisciplinary research program. In general, power, and especially institu Full Text
        Critical discourse analysis (CDA) started in the early 1990s and has become a well-established field in the social science in the twenty-first century .CDA can be defined as a problem-oriented interdisciplinary research program. In general, power, and especially institutionally reproduced power, is central to CDA. The purpose of CDA is to analyze opaque as well as transparent structural relationships of dominance, discrimination, power and control as manifested in language. CDA states that discourse is an instrument of power. The way this instrument of power works is often hard to understand, and CDA aims to make it more visible and transparent. A critical discourse analysis should not be a discourse analysis that reacts against power alone. It should be an analysis of power effects, of the outcome of power, of what power does to people, groups, and societies, and of how this impact comes about. The deepest effect of power everywhere is inequality, as power differentiates and selects, includes and excludes. CDA is an approach to the analysis of discourse which views language as a social practice and is interested in the ways that ideologies and power relations are expressed through language. It wants to understand how language is used to create, maintain and challenge power relationships and ideologies. Norman Fairclough is one of the most famous thinkers of CDA. He seeks to develop ways of analyzing language which address its involvement in the working of contemporary capitalist societies. He is working in a tradition of critical social research which is focused on better understanding of how and why contemporary capitalism prevents or limits, as well as in certain respects facilitating, human well-being and flourishing. Such understanding may, in favorable circumstances, contribute to overcoming or at least mitigating these obstacles and limits. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Pluralist Democracy in Shariati's Point of view
          مجيد سفري دوغایی
        With explaining his view in regard to nature and role of human in social processes particularly democracy, and offering evidences of shariati’s Collections and with describing democracy theories particularly Pluralistic democracy, and finally comparing and corresponding Full Text
        With explaining his view in regard to nature and role of human in social processes particularly democracy, and offering evidences of shariati’s Collections and with describing democracy theories particularly Pluralistic democracy, and finally comparing and corresponding them with together, this paper revealed that shariati not only have not any disagreement about democracy, but also find temporary the committed democracy and convinced to Pluralistic democracy. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Ideal political Society in Sheikh Mohammed Ismail Mahallati' Political Thought
        mohamad ali tavana Mahmoud Alipour
        It seems that every political thought in itself, contains an ideal political society. This ideal society can be apparent, such as Farabi' utopia or the hidden and latent, Such as Sohrevardi' ideal society. Theorizing About political ideal is result of social and politic Full Text
        It seems that every political thought in itself, contains an ideal political society. This ideal society can be apparent, such as Farabi' utopia or the hidden and latent, Such as Sohrevardi' ideal society. Theorizing About political ideal is result of social and political crisis. One of the most turbulent periods in the history of Iran is Qajar era, which is faced with different crisis such as absolute power and colonialism. This crisis led to contemplate the many thinkers and each according self- effort to have a response to this crisis. One of the thinkers is Sheikh Mohammed Ismail Mahallati that his political thought is less considered. It seems that he answers to this crisis and his political ideal is different from other thinkers in this era. Accordingly, the central question of this paper is that: What is the Mahallati specific reply to crisis of constitutionalism era? And how is his ideal political society? What are its features? And Finally, What relationship exists between justice and public interest in his ideal society. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - History of Ideas, Intellectual History and Political Studies
        سيد صادق  حقيقت
        History of ideas which deals with explanation and evolution of ideas during history can be considered as part of, or similar to, intellectual history. Unlike Lovejoy, Quentin Skinner analyzes "idea" in the historical and social conditions. Although these two fields of s Full Text
        History of ideas which deals with explanation and evolution of ideas during history can be considered as part of, or similar to, intellectual history. Unlike Lovejoy, Quentin Skinner analyzes "idea" in the historical and social conditions. Although these two fields of study belong to discipline of history, they have used in political thought too. Meanwhile, Cambridge school of thought, and specially Skinner, has tried to bridge between analytic and continental philosophy in one hand, and between Textualism and Contextualism on the other hand. This could be called "The third way" or "confluence of Textualism and Contextualism". Using "the third way", It seems that (Islamic and Iranian) political studies could overcome detects of the two ways. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - The Concept of "Self" and its Relation to Political Action in Hannah Arendt and Herbert Marcuse
        Mohammad Abedi Ardakani Mahmoud Alipour
        In connection with concept the self, There is abundant writings and works. Nevertheless, one of the definitions of the Self, Especially in modernist and postmodernist attitude, refers to space of independent and autonomous activism of subject, as can be seen in the Phra Full Text
        In connection with concept the self, There is abundant writings and works. Nevertheless, one of the definitions of the Self, Especially in modernist and postmodernist attitude, refers to space of independent and autonomous activism of subject, as can be seen in the Phrase like Self-advancing, depend on themselves and did itself. Basically, the self concept among political thinkers is frequently observed. Two of the thinkers of the twentieth century that with this understanding of self have written, are Hannah Arendt and Herbert Marcuse. On one hand, by introducing the concept of "human diversity”, Arendt follows idea that introduce humans as self (subject) and reveal as distinct and free existent. And finally, this approach connects with the concept of action to introduce the human self as designator in the political system. On the other hand, is Herbert Marcuse that in One-Dimensional Man' book, is looking activation humans as active and independent selves from the grip of a kind of continuity that capitalist society has created. Therefore, as long as there is the continuity, Political action is also limited. Basically, common feature between Arendt and Marcuse can be noted to their efforts in activating the Human minds or selves and its connection to political activism. Fundamentally distinct concepts of self, in the Arendt and Marcuse thought, compared to the previous political philosophy, is that self in philosophy, is highly dependent on power, domination, Technology and Media. But these thinkers, with the connection of the subject to political action, attempt to renew subject, political activism. Manuscript Document